Vikings’ claim to the Faroe Islands in doubt

There’s evidence the Vikings didn’t discover the Faroe Islands, but science has yet to answer who beat them there

September 1st, 2013 9:14 am| by admin
facebooktwittergoogle_pluspinterestmail

A new claim by a team of researchers suggests colonisation of the Faroe Islands – a Danish self-governing territory about 400 kilometres north of Scotland – occurred 300 to 500 years before the Vikings arrived in the ninth century. This discovery puts in doubt what many had accepted to be common knowledge. 

Mike Church, an environmental archaeologist at Durham University, said there’s definitive proof in his research, published in the journal Quaternary Science Reviews. The proof comes in the form of carbon dating of a mixture including peat ash, burnt bone, and carbonised barley, which is not native to the Faroe Islands. The tests, which took place on the Faroese island of Sandoy, concluded that the mixture predates the arrival of the Vikings.

“This is the first archaeological evidence that proves there were humans there at the Faroes prior to the big Viking colonisation,” Church told Discovery.com. 

But there’s one thing Church and his team are still trying to figure out – where did these mystery settlers come from?

Intentional travellers 

While most assumed the Vikings first staked claim to the Faroes, there have been earlier suggestions otherwise. Around 825, the Irish monk Dicuil wrote of Irish hermits settling a chain of islands that may have been the Faroes. His book, ‘Liber de Mensura Orbis Terrae’, also includes description of the Faroese landscape and creatures native to the islands.

When the Vikings arrived, according to Church, they constructed communities that wiped out nearly all of the evidence of the previous settlers. 

Whoever the settlers were, they arrived intending to colonise the Faroes. Navigating the North Atlantic at the time required advanced sea-faring skills and properly outfitted ships, meaning the discovery didn’t occur by happenstance.

Still there?

Simun Arge, a researcher with the National Museum of the Faroe Islands and a co-author of the report, agreed the first settlers were not just guests.

“Although we don't know who the people were that settled here and where they came from, it is clear that they did prepare peat for use, by cutting, drying and burning it, which indicates they must have stayed here for some time,” Arge said.

However, Church claims there’s no evidence that the original settlers of the Faroes went further afield.

“That’s not to say there isn’t any,” Church said to the Postmedia News in Canada. “We just haven’t found it.”

The Danes suffered many casualties during the battle (photo: iStock)
Today’s date: Battle of Fredericia
Today is a military flag day recognising the Battle of Fredericia in 1849 w...
(photo: Sarah_Ackerman)
He’ll leave his heart in Copenhagen and she’ll send them gaga
  The highlight of the Copenhagen Jazz Festival this year is the op...
Queen of S-ass
Roskilde 2015: Menaj á two stars
  Whether it was the late afternoon heat yesterday, a week of party...
13 weeks ago Kayser met Kaysen, now the results are here
Flex with Becks Week 13: Don’t stop me now ’cause I’m having a good time
This is it: the final week of my three-month fitness challenge with KayserF...
The barons and John quickly fell out, and he died a year later
Trading Kingdoms: Still relevant 800 years later
Earlier this month, celebrations to mark the 800th anniversary of the seali...
The awesome foursome gave a sweaty, feisty, gutsy performance (all photos: Ella Navarro)
Roskilde 15: Breaking boundaries and we like it
  Roskilde was burning hot, but this didn’t prevent a sizeable cr...